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Article: Informations about CASA/IPTN CN-235

Use License : GNU Free Documentation License



The CASA/PT.DI CN-235 is a medium-range twin-engined transport plane that was jointly developed by CASA of Spain and Indonesian manufacturer PT.DI, as a regional airliner and military transport. Its primary military roles include maritime patrol, surveillance, and air transport. Its largest user is Turkey which has 61 aircraft.

Design and development

The project was a joint venture between Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA (CASA) and Indonesian Aerospace (PT. Dirgantara Indonesia), formerly known as PT.DI, which formed Airtech to manage the programme. The partnership applied only to the Series 10 and Series 100/110, with later versions being developed independently. Over 230 of all versions of CN-235 are in service and have accumulated more than 500,000 flight hours.Design began in January 1980 with first flight on 11 November 1983. Spanish and Indonesian certification was on 20 June 1986; the first flight of the production aircraft was on 19 August 1986 and FAA type approval was granted on 3 December 1986. The aircraft entered service on 1 March 1988In 1995, CASA launched development of a stretched CN-235 as the C-295. In December 2002, the Colombian Navy ordered two CN-235 for patrol and anti-drug trafficking missions.In April 2005, Venezuela ordered two CN-235 maritime surveillance aircraft plus 10 transport planes but the operation was halted because the United States government refused to allow the transfer of what they deemed to be US technology in the avionics.
the U.S. ambassador to Spain, Eduardo Aguirre, said that Washington could refuse to allow U.S. technology to be transferred to Venezuela, adding that "in the long run we hope the sale won't go ahead."
In January 2006, Thailand placed an order with Indonesian Aerospace for ten aircraft, six for the Ministry of Defence and four for the Ministry of Agriculture.In December 2007, Spain ordered two CN-235 maritime patrol aircraft for the Guardia Civil, for delivery 2008–2009.One CN-235 MPA aircraft was delivered by Indonesian Aerospace to the Indonesian defence ministry in June 2008. Royal Malaysian Air ForceIn August 2006, three CASA CN-235-10 aircraft remained in airline service, in Africa, with Safair (two) and Tiko Air (one). Flight International, 3–9 October 2006 Asian Spirit operated a lone CN-235-220 in the Philippines, correct as of June/July 2007.The Irish Air Corps operates two CASA aircraft for maritime patrol duty.There are at least two CN-235s flying with the United States Air Force for an undisclosed role with the 427th Special Operations Squadron, located at the former Pope AFB, North Carolina.
USAF Serial Number Search CN-235
In early July 2008, the Mexican Navy announced that it would purchase six CASA CN-235s from Spain.blog.elgrancapitan.org/?p=586 In April 2010, Hervé Morin, French Minister of Defence, announced the order of eight CN-235-300s from Spain.In 2011, Indonesian Aerospace was still working on 4 CN-235-110 MPAs for South Korea Coast Guard with amount of $96 million.The Senegalese Air Force acquired two CN-235s in 2010 and August 2012 under a $13 million contract. They plan to buy two more aircraft for VIP and cargo duties. The Air Force is also interested in the maritime patrol version of the aircraft.
Senegal: MoD plans to acquire two additional CN235s, including MPA versions - Dmilt.com, 30 August 2013


A CASA CN-235 of the Spanish Air Force;CN-235-10:Initial production version (15 built by each company), with GE CT7-7A engines.;CN-235-100/110:Generally as series 10, but with GE CT7-9C engines in new composites nacelles; replaced Series 10 in 1988 from 31st production aircraft. Series 100 is Spanish-built, series 110 Indonesian-built, with improved electrical, warning and environmental systems.;CN-235-200/220:Improved version. Structural reinforcements to cater for higher operating weights, aerodynamic improvements to wing leading-edges and rudder, reduced field length requirements and much-increased range with maximum payload. Series 200 is Spanish-built, Series 220 Indonesian-built.;CN-235-300:CASA Modification of 200/220 series, with the Honeywell International Corp. avionics suite. Other features include improved pressurisation and provision for optional twin-nosewheel installation.;CN-235-330 Phoenix:Modification of Series 200/220, offered by PT.DI with new Honeywell avionics, ARL-2002 EW system and 16.800 kg/37.037 lb MTOW, to Royal Australian Air Force to meet Project Air 5190 tactical airlift requirement, but was forced by financial constraints to withdraw in 1998.;CN-235 MPA Persuader:Maritime patrol version with 6 hardpoints to carry AM-39 Exocet-Missiles or Mk.46-Torpedos.
CN-235 Persuader Maritime Patrol Aircraft – Airforce Technology
; HC-144 Ocean Sentry: United States Coast Guard designation for a planned twenty-two aircraft fleet bought to replace the small HU-25 Guardian business-style jets. , twelve ;
* Botswana Defence Force Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 46.;
* Royal Brunei Air Force (1)Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 47.;
* Military of Burkina Faso (1);
* Cameroon Air Force ordered one CN-235 in June 2012 Delivery took place in July 2013.
Airbus Military welcomes Cameroon as new operator.
* Chilean Army Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 48.;
* Colombian Air Force
* Colombian National ArmadaHoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 49.;
* Ecuadorian Air Force
* Ecuadorian Navy;
* French Air Force Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 50.;
* Gabonese Air Force Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 51.;
* Indonesian Air Force Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 52. Irish Air Corps CASA CN-235 Maritime patrol aircraft
* Indonesian Navy CN235MPA;
* Irish Air Corps (2 x CN235MP)Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 53.;
* Royal Jordanian Air Force (2 on lease for several years from Turkish AF);
* Royal Malaysian Air Force Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 55.;
* Mexican Navy (The Mexican congress approved the budget to purchase 6 CN235-300MPA. The first two were delivered in September 2010.www.semar.gob.mx/transparencia/informes_labores/2_inf_labores.pdf)
* Mexican Federal Police (2x CN235)
Mexican Police Aviation
RMAF's CN-235-100M]];
* Moroccan Air Force ;
* Pakistan Air Force (4Ă— CN235-220) ;
* Papua New Guinea Defence ForceHoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 57.;
* Republic of Korea Air Force (20; 12 built by CASA in Spain, 8 by IPTN in Indonesia)Jackson 2003, p. 207.
* Korea Coast Guard (4);
* Royal Saudi Air ForceHoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 59.;
* Senegalese Air Force;
* Spanish Air Force (18)Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 60.
* Spanish Civil Guard (2x Surveillance);
* Royal Thai Air Force;
* Turkish Armywww.aeroflight.co.uk/waf/turk/army/turk-arm_current_orbat.htm
* Turkish Air ForceHoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 61.
* Turkish Navy ;
* UAE Navy;
* United States Air ForceHoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 63.
* United States Coast Guard – see EADS CASA HC-144 Ocean Sentry;
* Yemen Air Force Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 64.

Former Military operators

* Austrian Air Force – Former operator.;
* Bophuthatswana Air Force (1, incorporated into South African Air Force);
* Panama National Guard (Until 1995);
* South African Air Force (From Bophuthatswana Air Force – retired July 2012)

Government and paramilitary operators

Spanish Maritime Safety Agency]] Presidential Airways CN235;
* Royal Oman Police (2 x CN-235-M100);
* Sociedad de Salvamento y Seguridad MarĂ­tima (Spanish Maritime Safety Agency) (3 X CN-235 MPA);
* Royal Thai Police (1 x CN235-300)

Civil Operators

Binter Mediterraneo CN-235.;
* Inter Austral airlines, a subsidiary of Austral LĂ­neas AĂ©reas, was later integrated into AerolĂ­neas Argentinas, one ex-Binter.;
* Merpati Nusantara Airlines once operated 15
* Pelita Air Service had two.;
* Tiko Air had one (C012);
* Air Namibia operated one from 2001–2006;
* Binter Canarias and Binter Mediterraneo, both then subsidiaries of Iberia, operated four and five respectively from 1989 to 1997;
* Safair has two CN-235s;
* Flight International and Flight Turbo AC with one each
* L-3 Communication Systems acquired two aircraft.
* Presidential Airways, Operates one former Binter Canarias.;
* Air Venezuela had 2 (1999–2001)

Notable accidents

* On 18 Oct 1991, Merpati Nusantara Airlines (Registration PK-MNN) CN-235-10 Flight 5601 crashed on Garut, Indonesia, killing all 31 people on board
ASN Aircraft accident PT.DI/CASA CN-235-10 PK-MNN Garut

* On 16 May 2001, a Turkish Air Force CN-235 crashed after the pilot lost control, killing all 34 people on board.
* On 29 August 2001, Binter Mediterráneo Flight 8261 (Registration EC-FBC) crash-landed at Málaga, Spain, killing four of the 44 passengers and crew aboard. The aircraft was scrapped.
Binter Méditerraneo Crashes at Málaga Airport

* On 11 Feb 2013 a CN-235 crashed into a forest 45km south of Monrovia, Liberia, 8km to Roberts International Airport, killing 11 people amongst them Souleymane Kelefa Diallo Guinea army chief. www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-21408958

Aircraft on Display

* SAAF 8026 (cn: P3) South African Air Force on display at the South African Air Force Museum AFB Swartkop, Pretoria. This was one of three CN235 prototypes and served with the Bophutatswana Air Force before service with the SAAF. saairforce.co.za/forum/viewtopic.php?t=4830

Specifications (CN-235-100)


See also


* Hoyle, Craig. "World Air Forces Directory". Flight International, Vol. 182 No. 5370. 11–17 December 2012. pp. 40–64.
* Jackson, Paul. ''Jane's All The World's Aircraft 2003–2004''. Coulsden, UK: Jane's Information Group, 2003. ISBN 0-7106-2537-5.
* Lambert, Mark. ''Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1993–94''. Coulsden, UK:Jane's Data Division, 1993. ISBN 0-7106-1066-1.

External links

Airbus Military CN235
CN-235 Persuader Maritime Patrol Aircraft, Spain
Category: CASA aircraft
Category: International airliners 1980–1989
Category: International military transport aircraft 1980–1989
Category: Indonesian Aerospace aircraft
Category: Twin-engined tractor aircraft
Category: High-wing aircraft
Category: Turboprop aircraft

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